Revere Scholars Named

Glass and Jain named Revere Scholars

Recognizing outstanding achievements of junior faculty

RICHMOND, Va. – June 25, 2019Sarah H. Glass (D.D.S ‘14), assistant professor, Oral Diagnostic Sciences, and Sameer D. Jain, B.D.S., M.S., M.S.D., assistant professor and Urgent Care Clinic director, were named Revere Scholars at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Dentistry.

The Revere Scholars Program recognizes outstanding achievements of junior faculty members at the rank of assistant professor and provides funding for their research, scholarship and professional development efforts. Recipients receive $5,000 per year for four years allowing them to nurture their interests in pursuit of becoming career academic faculty.

The program is funded by the Dr. James H. Revere Jr. Professorship for Faculty Excellence, an endowment fund, named for James H. Revere (D.D.S. ’65), MCV Foundation board member, former instructor, interim dean, fundraiser, friend and mentor at the VCU School of Dentistry.

Opportunities for growth

Both Glass and Jain have specific plans to further develop their professional growth as Revere Scholars.

“I am incredibly grateful to be faculty at VCU and I strive every day to cultivate and fine tune my role,” Glass explains. “My research, clinical aims and service all involve oral cancer. I plan to pursue research projects related to cancer and to educate the community about oral cancer.”

Jain’s professional development path also includes research.

“As a Revere Scholar, I can continue work to establish the country’s first dynamic navigation model for minimally invasive endodontics,” he said. “The long-term goal is to develop a lab dedicated to guided endodontic research and clinical procedures.”

Both newly-named scholars were nominated by Dr. Clara Spatafore, endodontics department chair and interim chair of the Department of Oral Diagnostics Sciences.

“Both Dr. Glass and Dr. Jain represent the best of our future oral health care leaders,” Spatafore says. “These rising stars have proven clinical track records and have dedicated themselves to academics in dentistry. I couldn’t be more pleased with this well-deserved recognition for Sarah and Sameer.”

Made possible by alumni and former students

The Revere Professorship was made possible by alumni and former students of Dr. Revere, James C. Burns (D.D.S. ’72; Ph.D. ’80) and John A. Svirsky (D.D.S. ’73; M.Ed. ’79). In 2009 Drs. Burns and Svirsky gave $200,000 over several years to honor Dr. Revere and create a lectureship. The fund has grown to more than $1 million and now provides funding for the Revere Scholars Program.

Previous Revere Scholars include Tiffany Williams, D.D.S., (M.S.D. 2014); Sonali Rathore, D.D.S., M.S.; Harmeet Chiang, B.D.S., D.D.S., M.S., F.A.G.D.; Aderonke Akinkugbe, B.D.S., M.P.H., Ph.D. and Erica Brecher, D.M.D., M.S.


About the School

Founded in 1893, the VCU School of Dentistry educates practitioners to meet the oral health care needs of the communities they serve. The school provides opportunities for selected qualified individuals to study dentistry, advanced dental specialties, and dental hygiene in accordance with the standards established by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association. Consistent with the mission of Virginia Commonwealth University, the School of Dentistry’s programs are guided by the education of highly qualified dental professionals, research that advances the understanding of oral health, disease and effective treatment, service to the community and improved oral and health general health of our patients and the general population.

To learn more, please visit


Media Contact

Nan Johnson, director of communications


Endodontics graduate program update June 2019

Greetings from the VCU Endodontic Residency Program!

The residents are thriving, the literature reviews are ongoing and life is busy if you have been an endodontic resident over this past year.

Since I last had the opportunity to write we have seen six more months fly by with many highlights to update you about. Looking back as far as November of 2018, the endodontic department once again provided support for the VCU pre-doc trip to Jamaica to provide dental treatment to the Jamaican people.

Dr. Foisy, Myers and Sarnowski in Jamaica in November.

Second year resident Dr. Adam Sarnowski, first year resident Dr. Erik Foisy and I journeyed together to Jamaica where we provided endodontic treatment to 12 patients along with helping with additional extractions and restorative work during our week-long stay. Following these types of international volunteer dental trips, one can’t help but have a renewed appreciation for just what we have in the United States.

The following month, while many faculty, students and residents were enjoying the December holiday break, we actually had two of our residents travel to Israel to spend a week volunteering their time and expertise at a children’s dental clinic.

Drs. Bartling, Holz and Polinsky in Israel.

Second year residents Dr. Lena Holz and Dr. Adam Polinsky were accompanied by one of our VCU part time endodontic faculty Dr. Daniel Bartling on what each of them stated was a very rewarding and amazing experience. Following the holiday break life settled back into a normal routine for us all. In February, the residents and I attended the College of Diplomates Board Review Course down in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, where I also had the opportunity to speak on dental trauma and root resorption to this audience.

Springtime at AAE19 in Montreal.

Second year research projects came to closure this spring (to the relief of Adam S., Adam P., Lena and Khalifa) and it was another successful year in this regard. Dr. Sarnowski’s research poster was named the top resident poster presentation at this year’s VCU Research Day and Dr. Polinsky’s poster presentation was acknowledged as a top 10 poster at AAE19 in Montreal. In our opinion, all four of this year’s residents had award-quality studies! Immediately following AAE19 all four residents successfully defended their thesis projects and had their papers accepted into the VCU Scholar Compass library.

Along with travels and meetings all of our residents kept busy in the graduate clinic seeing patients, they helped out teaching in the D2 endodontic pre-clinical skills course and spent a fair share of time in didactic studies of their own. We had residents participate in the first MOM project held at the VCU dental school as well as helping with a continuing education course for general practitioners at VCU sponsored by Dentsply Sirona. But interspersed amongst all of the resident work were department activities geared at some relaxation time together under the direction of our department chair, Dr. Spatafore. It is hard to believe that we will once again be graduating four more residents from this program.

The departure of four residents can only mean one thing – that we will have four new residents entering our program on July 1. We will have a diverse group coming in with a distinctive western U.S. flavor. Let me briefly introduce these four individuals –

Benjamin Brown will be coming to us from the San Diego area as he completes his military obligation with the U.S. Navy. He is a graduate of the UNLV Dental School and was actually a classmate of our first-year resident Erik Foisy.

Jeremy Hargrove will be coming to us from Arizona where he has been in private practice for the past two years. He is a graduate of Midwestern University Dental School in Glendale, Arizona.

Inderpal Sappal will also be traveling from the San Diego area to join our program as he finishes a GPR program there after graduating from the Pacific University Dental School a year ago.

And finally, from Kuwait, Lolya Alyahya,

will enter the program after completing a one-year endodontic internship at VCU. She is a graduate of the Kuwait University Dental School.

As this residency year comes to a close, it once again allows me to pause and reflect on the opportunity I have been given to run and oversee this graduate program. I truly enjoy training and developing future practitioners of our specialty of endodontics. I couldn’t do it without the support of my fellow faculty members along with the many alumni who have provided me with encouragement and friendship as I travel down this path.

Thank you all and I truly look forward to seeing each of you in the future!

Garry Myers


Resident update June 2019

by Dr. Adam Sarnowski, 2nd year endodontics resident

Here at the VCU School of Dentistry, resident life has been a flurry of activity and excitement. In addition to literature, seminars, and patient care, we have been fortunate to participate in a wide variety of educational experiences over the past few months. In February, VCU hosted the annual “Endodontics Thank You CE Day” which included two fantastic lectures by Dr. Sarah Glass (D.D.S. ’14) and Dr. Steven Marinelli.

In April, six of our eight residents were able to attend the AAE annual meeting in Montreal.  It was a great week full of topnotch lectures, friends, and food. Lots and lots of food. The highlight of the trip was Adam Polinsky’s 5th place award for his research poster presentation!

Poster presentation in Montreal. Left to right: residents Adam Polinksy, Lena Holz, Adam Sarnowski and Khalifa Alhaddad.

We returned to Richmond just as VCU hosted the annual “Legacy Day” at the end of April.  Dr. Krell and Dr. Martignoni delivered two excellent presentations on cracked teeth and restoration of endodontically treated teeth. In addition to these CE courses, residents have been exposed to some of the newer innovations in endodontics. Sonendo provided a hands-on course with the GentleWave system, and research is currently being conducted on dynamic navigation access preparations using the Navident system.

First year residents, left to right, Ray Pandez, Sarah Alkanderi, Madison Saunders and Erik Foisy at the UPenn endodontic microsurgery course.

First year residents, Drs. Alkanderi, Foisy, Pandez, and Saunders, recently made the annual trek to Philadelphia for the UPENN micro-surgical endodontic course. They are all eager to start performing surgical procedures on their own in the graduate clinic. Second year residents, Drs. Alhaddad, Holz, Polinsky, and Sarnowski, all successfully defended their thesis and presented their research at the annual VCU Clinic and Research Day in April. They also completed the ABE written boards and are now preparing for the joint mock oral boards in conjunction with the University of Maryland and NPDS.


Looking forward, the second-year resident graduation is just a few short weeks away. This year’s event will be held at the Omni Hotel in downtown Richmond. We look forward to sending off the second-year residents while welcoming all of the new first-year residents.

On behalf of all residents, I would like to personally thank each of those who have gone before us to make this residency program great, both from your examples as ambassadors of VCU in your respective communities, and in your giving back to your Alma Mater.


Your support for us in all of the great experiences we have while learning here in the residency truly makes VCU Dentistry a special place! Thank you.

Garry L. Myers, D.D.S., assistant professor and director of the graduate endodontics program, far right, proudly poses with all endo residents.

Endodontics / radiology / oral pathology faculty update June 2019

Duane R. Schafer, D.D.S., M.S. joins oral pathology department

Dr. Duane R. Schafer joins the faculty at the VCU School of Dentistry after a 30-year career with the United States Navy. He earned his Doctorate of Dental Surgery from The Ohio State University and completed postgraduate training in Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology at the Naval Postgraduate Dental School in Bethesda, Maryland. Following residency training, Dr. Schafer was chosen to join a distinctive group of non-physicians to complete a Callendar-Binford Fellowship in the Department of Otolaryngic, Head & Neck Pathology at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology.

Dr. Schafer has served as a chairman and residency program director for the Uniformed Service’s Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology training program, in addition to holding the dean position at the Naval Postgraduate School. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, a Diplomate of the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, and recently elected to serve as a Director and Secretary-Treasurer for the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology.

Dr. Schafer’s major interests are otolaryngic pathology, lesions of odontogenic origin, and forensic dentistry.


Linda W. Baughan, D.D.S., M.Ed. returns to endodontics faculty

Linda Baughan (M.Ed. ‘78/; D.D.S. ‘83; cert ’93/HP; HS ‘00) received her bachelor’s in biology from Christopher Newport College and earned a master’s in education and D.D.S. degree at VCU. She continued her studies and earned graduate certificates VCU in both gerontology and endodontics.

She has been a dental educator since 1987, teaching dental anatomy, operative dentistry, geriatric oral health and endodontics. Dr. Baughan served as full time faculty of VCU School of Dentistry for seventeen years. She has also served as faculty in the Department of Dental Specialties at Mayo Clinic and as part of the inaugural teams of three new dental schools: University of Nevada Las Vegas, Roseman University of Health Sciences and most recently the University of New England.

As a Richmond native, Dr. Baughan is happy to return to family and friends in Virginia, and is excited to rejoin colleagues of the VCU School of Dentistry as adjunct faculty in the Department of Endodontics.


Radiology clinic update

Dr. Aniket Jadhav and family.

With the retirement of Dr. Laurie Carter, who directed the school’s radiology department during her 19 years with the school, Dr. Aniket Jadhav joined staff last spring to fill her large shoes as director of the Oral Radiology Clinic.

Dr. Aniket Jadhav earned his D.D.S. from M.G.V.’s Karmaveer Bhausaheb Hiray Dental College and Hospital in Nashik, India, in 2008, followed by a certificate and master of dental science (MDentSc.) degree in oral and maxillofacial radiology from the University of Connecticut School of Dental medicine in 2013. He served as an assistant professor at the University Of Texas School Of Dentistry at Houston (UTHealth) from 2013 to 2018 where he was actively involved in the radiology imaging center project to provide cone beam CT interpretation and imaging services. He also holds a master’s in health care administration from the University of St. Francis in Illinois.

Dr. Jadhav’s clinical interests include cone beam CT imaging, MRI in dentistry, maxillofacial pathology, radiology information management and clinical technologies. He has authored over 20 peer reviewed research manuscripts and abstracts and has served on master’s thesis committees.

In his new role as Director of Radiology, he is looking forward to serving the VCU School of Dentistry’s imaging needs.

Dr. Jadhav is excited to be part of RVA community and looks forward to exploring Richmond with his wife, Neelam, and his two-year old son, Aayansh.  Apart from radiology, he enjoys traveling, exploring a variety of ethnic food, cricket and Bollywood movies.


Oral Diagnostics Sciences update June 2019

From Dr. Sarah Glass (D.D.S. ’14) comes an update and news report from Oral Diagnostics and Sciences.


Simply click on the link below to read all about it.

VCUBiopsyandClinic June 2019

Endodontics news from Dr. Clara Spatafore June 2019

Dr. Clara Spatafore, department chair

It’s hard to believe it’s that time of year again. The pre-doc students have just finished the semester and the 4th year dental students are heading out to residencies, private practice, and various other career choices. Graduation was held on Friday, May 10, and everything went according to plan. We graduated a combined total of over 110 new dentists and dental hygienists. Our residents are done at the end of June but they have a full slate of activities before then. Read about their experiences in news updates from Dr. Garry Myers, our graduate program director, and Dr. Adam Sarnowski, chief resident.

It was great seeing everyone at the AAE meeting in Montreal. VCU had several new diplomates pinned at the Grossman’s ceremony:

  • Husain Karashi,
  • Charlie Beavers,
  • Katie Lee,
  • Nick Schroeder,
  • Dr. Sarah Martinelli

It was a wonderful occasion.

Our annual Legacy Day Continuing Education lecture was held at the end of April with exactly 100 participants in attendance. Dr. Keith Krell, president of American Association of Endodontists was one of the speakers along with Dr. Marco Martignoni an endodontist who practices in Rome, Italy. It was so nice seeing everyone and the program went great. Next year’s program is scheduled for Saturday, April 25, 2020. Dr. Alan Gluskin, who will be AAE president at that time, is confirmed as one of the speakers. Be sure to mark your calendars and try to attend the program. It is wonderful having everyone back at the school, catching up and hearing what everyone is doing these days.

We are planning a VCU Alumni Event in Nashville on Thursday, April 2, 2020, during the AAE annual meeting. The meeting is early this year, so be sure and take a look at the schedule and mark your calendars so you can attend. The program looks great at this point and I know everyone wants to come to Nashville to check out the beautiful city, hear the great music and attend a wonderful educational program.

Plans are moving forward for the school’s new dental clinics to be housed in the VCU Health Adult Outpatient Facility now under construction across the street from the current dental school on 11th and Leigh Streets. The dean and his crew have been working on designs, equipment, and clinic space needs as well as technology and radiographic issues. It is a full-scale undertaking and will be in progress for the next year or so. VCU’s master plan includes redeveloping the MCV Campus and that involves replacing the Wood and Lyons buildings at some point. As of now, the pre-doc and graduate endodontic practices will be housed in the new outpatient facility. Stay up to date by visiting the dean’s YouTube channel.

As always, life moves at a hectic pace here at the school. We have new faculty in oral pathology and radiology and some returning faculty to the endodontics department. We’re glad they’re here and you’ll enjoy getting to know them.

We continue to strive for excellence in the Department of Endodontics; the pre-doc curriculum is reviewed, revised and updated continually, as we work to keep up with current trends in our specialty. The graduate endodontics program achieves greater heights each year and we are proud of our current and past residents. The endodontic faculty works tirelessly on behalf of the students, residents and the dental school. We are lucky to have the support of the administration and grateful for a strong alumni backing. Many thanks to the part time faculty who give their time in the clinics each month. They are a huge help and the residents enjoy working with them, as do the pre-doc students.

Thanks to each of you who donate to the Molar Fund, the Hartwell Fund or the Dodds Endowment.

Funds raised to support the graduate program director as he serves as an AAE officer. Thank you!

During the 2019 Legacy Day event we were able to raise $13,000 to honor our graduate program director’s stint as an officer with the American Association of Endodontists. We still need your support to endow the Hartwell Fund.  If you have not pledged or donated, please do so.

It is always great to hear from alumni. If you are in the Richmond area, please stop by and say hello. If you have any feedback or questions, please drop me an email or give me a call.  We appreciate all that you have done for the residents, the program and the VCU School of Dentistry and hope that we can continue to count on your support.

Endodontic clinic and research update June 2019

UCC update – by Dr. Steve Marinelli

The Urgent Care Clinic continues to provide patients with easy access to care as well as invaluable training for undergraduate students in the area of oral diagnosis, endodontics, operative dentistry, orofacial pain, and minor oral surgery. Since inception, the UCC has treated approximately 2,500 patients generating self-sustaining revenue as well as referrals to other specialty departments. Students greatly enjoy the additional experience they receive by treating interesting, and in some instances, very challenging cases.

Every year the Excellence in Urgent Care Clinic Award is given to a dental student in recognition for his/her outstanding service and commitment to providing urgent treatment in full scope of clinical dentistry throughout the year. Congratulations to Linda Nguyen (D.D.S. ’19), who received the 2019 award.

Due to popular demand, a decision has been made for the class of 2020 to increase both the number of D4 rotating students and their duration of time scheduled in the UCC to two weeks. This will significantly enhance student clinical capabilities, increase patient access to care, and allow for a greater number of patient screenings to take place each week. Collaboration between the UCC and various departments such as oral pathology, radiology, oral surgery and endodontics has benefited patients greatly. Diagnosis and treatment is rendered both effectively and efficiently.

In summary, short-term goals for the Urgent Care Clinic have been met, so now we plan for an even bigger vision for the future. Stay tuned.

Pre-doc clinic updates – by Dr. Sameer Jain

Our goal for FY 2019 was to revamp and develop a consistent endodontic curriculum that provides pre-doc students with a firmer foundation in endodontics, including a better understanding of the biologic basis of endodontic disease, diagnosis, treatment planning and prognosis, as well as today’s state-of-the-art techniques and technologies. Apart from training the students to efficiently perform root canal treatments, our emphasis is also to make them lifelong learners of our specialty where their foundation knowledge can lead to better patient care in the future. Since taking over the endo clinical course, we have had a stark rise in the student failures, a testament of higher expectations and benchmarks set by our department. In spite of the initial failure rate, for FY 2019, all the D4 pre-doc students were able to competently finish their endodontic requirements in record time with about two months remaining for graduation. Currently, the pre-doc endo clinic along with the UCC shoulders the burden for endodontic emergencies, providing real world experience for the students.

Dr. Sameer Jain in the clinic.

Welcome new PT faculty

I would also take this opportunity to welcome our new pre-doc part-time endodontic faculty, Dr. Linda Baughan (M.Ed. ’78/E; D.D.S. ’83; cert ’93/HP; HS ’00). She is a Richmond native and comes back to VCU after previously teaching at the University of Nevada Las Vegas, Roseman University of Health Sciences in Utah and University of New England in Maine. We admire her enthusiasm to give back and dedicate valuable time and effort to sharing her diverse experience and knowledge with the next generation.

We are also grateful to and sincerely thank Dr. James Heffernan, Dr. Nick Schroeder, Dr. Daniel Bartling, Dr. Enrique Oltra, Dr. Valeria Pizzini, Dr. Deepika Ganesh and Dr. Dentonio Worrell for their part-time commitment.

Research Development

My research activity focuses on endodontic biomaterials and translational technology. This has led to projects for interested D3/D4 students and also has facilitated interns and residents for their master’s thesis projects.

Currently, we are working on establishing the country’s first dynamic navigation model for minimally-invasive endodontics. The long-term goal is to develop a lab facility that is solely dedicated for dynamic guided endodontic research and clinical procedures. In the past year, we were able to collaborate with five students and four faculty members on multiple projects including clinical trials in the realm of endodontics that led to two AD Williams Fellowship and potential faculty research grants and publications. I am also reviewer for three endodontic journals (Journal of Endodontics, International Endodontic Journal and Clinical Oral Investigations). Outside the school, I am serving as a nominated member of AAE’s Research and Scientific Affairs Committee, which reviews and disperses funds for research grants and scientific presentations submitted by all the endodontic programs around the country.

Personal Note

It’s been almost 18 months at VCU, and I continue to strive to find ways to interconnect my teaching, research, and service to create a body of work that has meaning and longevity. I am grateful for the guidance of my colleagues within the department that helped me achieve my board certification last year. I greatly appreciate the opportunities I have been afforded in the past year at VCU and I look forward to continue making a positive impact in the field of endodontics.

Celebrating the First 100

Celebrating the First 100

The “First 100 Dentists of Color” Celebration Brunch on Saturday, April 27, at Richmond’s Black History Museum and Cultural Center was a celebration of accomplishments, achievements and trailblazing where Erma Freeman (D.D.S.’77/D) was recognized as the school’s first black female graduate.

The “First 100” initiative paves the way for the “Next 100” through scholarships for students who are members of the VCU Chapter of the Student National Dental Association. Donors and friends involved with the initiative were celebrated at the event for their generous support of students and the school.

Darriel Cannon (D.D.S. ’19/D), the school’s first African American class president, shared his experiences and vision for the future of African Americans in the oral health profession.

The First 100 initiative is the major driver in the school’s efforts to provide scholarships, mentorship and fellowship for the “Next 100 Dentists of Color” and beyond.

The event was generously underwritten by DentaQuest, an oral health care company dedicated to advancing oral health for all.

To learn more about the First 100 initiative, contact Barbara Payton (B.S. ‘83/MC), director of development for leadership annual giving, at (804) 827-1537 or

Media Contact: Nan Johnson, director of communications, (804) 828-0324 or



Erma Freeman (D.D.S. ’77), center, accepts the First 100 Trailblazer Award from Dr. Olivia Croom (left) chief dental officer, DentaQuest, and David C. Sarrett, D.M.D., M.S., (right) dean of the VCU School of Dentistry.


Erma Freeman paved the way for other black female dentists who followed in her path. Left to right: Dr. Jacqueline Curl, Renita Randolph (D.D.S.’91/D), Dr. Shanail Allen, Dr. Audra Jones, Erma Freeman (D.D.S.’77/D), Tiffany Williams (M.S.D.’14/D), Dr. Sheilandice Holmes, Tonya Parris-Wilkins (D.D.S.’03/D), Dr. Lori Wilson.


Dr. Freeman and Darriel Cannon (D.D.S.’19/D). Cannon, four-time president of his D.D.S. class at VCU, is now preparing for his oral surgery residency at U.C.L.A.


William Nelson (D.D.S.’75/D), Mrs. Hardenia and Jim Watkins (D.D.S.’75/D) and Charles Johnson (D.D.S.’76/D) enjoy Richmond’s Black History Museum and Cultural Center in the city’s Jackson Ward neighborhood. Dr. Watkins was named the dental school’s Alumni Star in 2003 and received the Dr. Harry Lyons Outstanding Dental Alumnus award in 2009.

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Executive Summary – Advancing Dental Education in the 21st Century

In preparation for the VCU School of Dentistry’s strategic planning process, Dean David C. Sarrett, DMD, MS, provides an executive summary representing an analysis of Advancing Dental Education in the 21st Century

This summary provides a “snapshot” of the challenges, trends and issues in today’s dental education.

Areas of Challenge


  1. In past 20 years, public support decreased from 57% to 18%
  2. 2004 to 2011 tuition at public schools increased 67%

Student Debt

  1. In 2014, average is $247K
  2. 20% of grads exceed $350K
  3. 44% of students from families with $100K to $200K income
  4. 15% of students from those with less than $50K
  5. 54% of 1996 grads had paid off their debt 17 years after graduation

Number of Graduates

  • 1980s and 90s school closure reasons:
  1. Budget
  2. Relevance to university
  3. Decline in applicants
  4. Perception that caries is no longer a national problem
  5. Dentists report lack of business
  • 1970s and 80s grads climbed to 6300 per year
  • 1994 dropped to 3744
  • Current: 6000 per year

Dental Schools and the University

  1. 42 of 66 schools are in research intensive universities
  2. New schools are not in research intensive institutions

Pre- and Post-Doctoral Education

  1. Broader integration of biomedical and clinical sciences happening
  2. Number of basic science faculty reduced by 47% in last decade
  3. Community-based experience growing
  4. IPE
  5. Poor preparation of students to treat children
  6. Is goal of “practice ready” still realistic?
  7. Majority of clinical experience in school clinics that lose money
  8. Pre- and post-doctoral and DH clinic income only 13% of average budget
  9. 50% variability in clinical time for students – lack of agreement on amount needed
  10. In 2015, 47% of grads attended post-doc program
  11. Positions have increased to 3616 from 2836 in 2004
  12. 15% of post-doc students are international graduates
  13. Specialist income 67% higher than GPs
  14. School-based advanced education programs have high tuitions

Enrollment of AA and HIS Students

  1. DDS AA 4.7%
  2. DDS HIS 7.7%
  3. One-third of schools enrolled 1 or no AA
  4. Similar percentages for advanced education enrollment

Dental Schools as Safety Nets

  • 1.2M treated by schools


  1. 2005 to 2014 at 3% in full-time to part-time clinical faculty
  2. Basic science faculty decreased 50%
  3. Students rose 30% but faculty only 3.8%
  4. Student-to-faculty ratio increased from 7.3% to 8.7% from 2005 to 2014
  5. These are cost cutting measures
  6. Average faculty associate professor income $146,875 while private practitioner is $179,900
  7. 2014 39% of full-time faculty were 60 years or older

Bailit: How Many Dentists Are Needed in 2014?

  1. In 2013, there were 195K active dentists
  2. With current graduation rates the number of dentists is expected to increase from 62 per 100K people to 63
  3. 35% to 40% of dentists report they are not busy enough
  4. Estimate based on trends
  • Oral Health Trends
  1. 188% decline in DMFT
  2. Prevalence of periodontal disease 46% with 9% severe
  3. Severe mainly in people older than 50 and smokers
  4. Prevelance or perio disease expected to decline but number of people with disease increases
  5. Edentulism 5% in 2012, by 2050 at 30% decline
  6. 2012 only 8% had one or more missing teeth
  • Utilization of Dental Services
  1. Restorations and crowns have declined 30% to 35% in past 21 years
  2. Extractions and root canals declined 20% to 30%
  3. Bridges and partial dentures have declined 50%
  4. Future services: botox, sleep apnea?
  • New Technologies
  1. No clear trend on how this may affect demand for services
  • Trends in Practice Organization
  1. By 2040, 25% of care may be provided by large corporate dentistry companies
  2. The data supporting this is not robust
  • Trends in Demand for Dental Care
  1. US population expected to grow to 340M by 2040
  2. Per capita dental visits are expected to grow very slowly, less than 1% by 2040
  • Number of dentists needed in 2040
  1. Surplus estimated to be 32% to 110%
  2. HRSA estimates shortage of 15,600 by 2025 based on disease to be treated, not demand and payment for dental services

Manski and Meyerhoefer: Projecting the Demand for Dental Care in 2040

  • US Population expected to grow to 380M in 2040
  • Age Trends
  1. Under 18 flat
  2. 18-65 lower
  3. Over 65 increased
  • Demographic Trends
  1. Growth of blacks and whites steady but a lower rate
  2. Growth of Hispanics at higher rate
  • Income Estimates
  1. Percent of households with income $35K to $75K are declining
  2. Percent of households with income over $100K are increasing
  3. Other income ranges remained mostly flat
  • Dental visits have declined 7% from 2006 to 2012
  1. 316M in 2004
  2. 278M in 2011
  3. 308M in 2013
  4. Adult visits have declined
  5. Children visits have increased
  • Dental Expenditures
  1. $85B in 2012 compared with $1.3T total health expenditures
  2. Dental expenditures have steadily increased between 1960 and 2012 except for several short decline periods
  • Dental Insurance
  1. 64% of population had some type in 2014
  2. $85B spent in 2012
    1. $35B private
    2. $4.7B Medicaid
    3. $789M Medicare
    4. $41B cash
  • Projections
  1. Visits rise from 294M in 2017 to 319M in 2040
  2. This 8.5% increase is less than the 19% population growth
  3. Visits per person drop from 0.92 in 2017 to 0.84 in 2040
  4. Percent of population with a dental visit per year increase from 42% in 2015 to 44% in 2040

Ecklund and Bailit: Estimating the Number of Dentists Needed by 2040

In 2040, the US population is projected to be 380,000,000.28. If 42% of the population use dental care annually, 160 million Americans would have at least one dental visit that year. Assuming that den­tists average 2,000 patients per year in 2040, 80,000 FTE dentists would be needed to provide care to this population. If 67% of the population seek care in 2040, 255 million people would require 127,000 FTE dentists.

Based on ADA estimates, there would be about 240,000 dentists in 2040 if current trends continue with no further growth in the number of graduates. Some 70% (168,000 dentists) would be in full-time practice. This suggests that the surplus of dentists would likely be between 32% and 110%.

Register now for annual ethics lecture

Zarkowski to present at annual ethics lecture

Pamela Zarkowski, J.D., provost and vice president for academic affairs at the University of Detroit, Mercy, presents “Go- Stop- Yield: The Intersection of Law and Ethics” on March 1, 2019, as part of the School of Dentistry’s Mirmelstein Ethics Lecture. The annual lecture is part of the school’s continuing education program.

Preregistration is required.

About the Mirmelstein Ethics Lecture

Cyril R. Mirmelstein graduated from the College of William and Mary then entered the MCV School of Dentistry in 1938. His education was marked by hard work and good friendships.

“With a class of 28 guys, we were a close-knit group and many friendships endured for years,” he said.

After earning his dental degree in 1942, Mirmelstein spent a short time as an instructor in the school before serving in World War II. When he returned from service, Mirmelstein entered private practice in Newport News, Va., and retired in 1990.

Throughout his career, Mirmelstein served his profession, his school and his community through generous volunteer activities. A longstanding member of the Virginia Dental Association, he was also active with the State Board of Dentistry and served as the organization’s president and as a member of the Southern Regional Testing Agency.

The MCV Alumni Association named him its Outstanding Alumnus in 1998 for his many contributions to his alma mater and to dentistry.

Mirmelstein established the Cyril R. Mirmelstein Ethics Lectureship in 1988. His objectives were to educate and stimulate faculty and students to become aware of their responsibility to dental and professional ethics, to pioneer an ongoing program that would be effective in achieving these goals by stressing the satisfaction derived from the dental profession, and to establish an ongoing program that would gain national recognition and serve as a model for other schools.

Through Mirmelstein’s generosity and imagination, the lectureship has grown, nurtured and supported new generations of students, and become an integral part of the school’s curriculum.

To learn more about the school’s lectureships, professorships, special endowments and scholarships, visit Reflections, a special area of the school’s website that showcases alumni and donor philanthropy.

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