Michelle R. Peace, Ph.D.

Laboratory for Forensic Toxicology Research [LFTR]

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E-cigarette and E-liquid Characterization

Reveil L, Halquist M, Poklis JL, Peace MR. A determination of the aerosolization efficiency of drugs of abuse in a eutectic mixture with nicotine in electronic cigarettes. Drug Testing and Analysis, July 18, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1002/dta.3343

Holt AK, Poklis, JL, Peace MR. The History, Evolution, and Practice of Cannabis and E-cigarette Industries Highlight Necessary Public Health and Public Safety Considerations. Accepted with Revisions. Journal of Safety Research

Holt AK, Poklis JL, Peace MR. Δ8-THC, THC-O Acetates and CBD-di-O Acetate: Emerging Synthetic Cannabinoids Found in Commercially Sold Plant Material and Gummy Edibles. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 2022, bkac036, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/bkac036.

Holt, AK, Poklis JL, Peace MR. A Retrospective Analysis of the Chemical Constituents in Regulated and Unregulated E-cigarette Liquids. Frontiers in Chemistry, October 2021.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2021.752342

Holt AK, Poklis JL, Cobb CO, Peace MR. The Identification of Gamma-butyrolactone in JUUL Liquids. Journal of Analytical Toxicology. 45(8) 892-900, October 2021. https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/bkab067

Mulder HA, Stewart JB, Blue I, Krakowiak R, Patterson J, Karin K,  Royals J,  Dupont A, , Forsythe K, Poklis JL, Poklis A, Butler S, Turner JBM, Peace MR. Characterization of E-cigarette coil temperature and toxic metal analysis by Infrared Temperature Sensing and Scanning Electron Microscopy- Energy Dispersive X-Ray.  Inhalation Toxicology 2020;32 (13-14)447-455. DOI: 10.1080/08958378.2020.1840678.

Peace MR, Smith ME, Poklis JL. The Analysis of Commercially Available Natural Products Recommended for use in Electronic Cigarettes. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. 2020;34(11):e8771. doi:10.1002/rcm.8771

Krakowiak RI, Poklis JL, Poklis A, Peace MR. The Analysis of E-liquids Containing Methamphetamine Using High Resolution Mass Spectrometry and Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 2019, Oct 43(8):592-599. https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/bkz067

Mulder HA, Patterson J, Poklis JL, Peace MR. The Effect of Electronic Cigarette User Modifications and E-liquid Adulteration on the Particle Size Profile of an Aerosolized Product. Nature: Scientific Reports, Epub: (2019) 9:10221. doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46387-2

Poklis JL, Mulder HA, Peace MR. The Unexpected Identification of the Synthetic Cannabinoid 5F-ADB and Dextromethorphan in Commercial Cannabidiol E-liquids. Forensic Science International. Epub: 2018, Nov 1 DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.10.019 . Article Metrics

Peace MR, Mulder HA, Baird TR, Butler KE, Friedrich A, Stone JW, Turner JBM, Poklis JL, Poklis A. Evaluation of Nicotine and the Components of e-Liquids Generated from e-Cigarette Aerosols. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 2018, Oct 1;42 (8):537-543. DOI:10.1093/jat/bky056.

Poklis JL, Wolf, CE, Peace MR. Ethanol Concentration in 56 Refillable Electronic Cigarettes Liquid Formulations Determined by Headspace Gas Chromatography with Flame Ionization Detector (HS-GC-FID). Drug Testing and Analysis 2017 Oct;9(10):1637-1640 DOI:  10.1002/dta.2193.

Poklis JL, Mulder HA, Halquist MS, Wolf CE, Poklis A, Peace MR.  The Blue Lotus Flower (Nymphea Caerulea) Resin Used in a New Type of Electronic Cigarette, the Re-buildable Dripping Atomizer. Journal of Psychotropic Drugs 2017 Jul-Aug;49(3);175-181.  DOI: 10.1080/02791072.2017.1290304. Article Metrics

Peace MR, Krakowiak RI, Wolf CE, Poklis A, Poklis JL.  Identification of MDMB-FUBINACA in Commercially Available E-liquid Formulations for Use in Electronic Cigarettes.  Forensic Science International 2017 Feb;271:92-97, DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2016.12.031. Article Metrics

Peace MR, Butler KE, Wolf CE, Poklis JL, Poklis A. Evaluation of Two Commercially Available Cannabidiol Formulations for use in Electronic Cigarettes, Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2016 Aug 29;7:279. DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2016.00279. Article Metrics

Peace MR, Stone J, Poklis JL, Turner JBM, Poklis A. Analysis of a Commercial Marijuana e-Cigarette Formulation. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 2016 June 40(3);374-378.  DOI: 10.1093/jat/bkw021. Article Metrics

Peace MR, Baird T, Poklis JL, Wolf CE, Smith N, Turner JBM, Poklis A. Concentration of Nicotine and Glycols in 27 E-Cigarette Formulations. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 2016 July 40(6);403-407. DOI: 10.1093/jat/bkw037. Article Metrics

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome – Developing Prediction Tools

Gesseck AM, Poklis JL, Nanco CR, Hendricks-Munoz KD, Wolf CE, Peace MR. The Analysis of Tramadol in Matched Infant Oral Fluid, Urine, and Mother’s Breast Milk. Journal of Analytical Toxicology 17;45(8):840-846, September 2021. https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/bkab055

Gessek AM, Poklis JL, Wolf CE, Xu J, Bashir A, Hendricks-Munoz KD, Peace MR. Detection of Fentanyl in the Oral Fluid of Infants. J of Analytical Toxicology, 2020, June. https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/bkaa069

Cool Toxicology Things

Karin K, Poklis JL, Peace MR. Evaluation of Rapid Extraction Techniques for Pharmacologically Active Ingredients in Chinese Herbal Anticonvulsant Medicines by Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry. Analytical Methods, Issue 7, 2021. Advanced article. DOI: 10.1039/D0AY02015J

Zughaibi T, Furton KG, Holness H, Peace MR. Measuring Odor Transport of Narcotic Substances using DART-AccuTOF.Forensic Sciences 2(1), 262-271. https://doi.org/10.3390/forensicsci2010020

Poklis JL, Mohs A Wolf CE, Poklis A, Peace MR.Identification of Drugs in Parenteral Pharmaceutical Preparations from a Quality Assurance and Potential Diversion Program by Direct Analysis in Real-Time AccuTOFTM-Mass Spectrometry (DART-MS). Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 2016 Sept;40(8);606-618 . DOI: 10.1093/jat/bkw065.Article Metrics

Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS)

Baird TR, Akbarali HI, Dewey WL, Elder H, Kang M, Marsh SA, Peace MR, Poklis JL, Santos EJ, Negus SS. Opioid-Like Adverse Effects of Tianeptine in Male Rats and Mice. Psychopharmacology. 2022 Feb 24. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-022-06093-w

Baird TR, Davies R, Glennon R, Peace MR, Negus S. A Strategy to Prioritize Emerging Drugs of Abuse for Analysis: Abuse Liability Testing Using Intracranial Self Stimulation (ICSS) in Rats and Validation with a-Pyrrolidinohexanophenone (a-PHP). Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addiction, and Health. Vol 1, 2021, 100004.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etdah.2021.100004

Poklis JL, Raso SA, Alford K, Poklis A, Peace MR. A Direct Analysis in Real Time AccuTOFTM Mass Spectrometry (DART-MS) Method for the Analysis of 25I-NBOMe and Other Dimethoxyphenyl-N-[(2-methoxyphenyl) methyl]ethanamine) Derivatives.  Journal of Analytical Toxicology 2015 October;39(8):617-23. DOI: 10.1093/jat/bkv073. Article Metrics

Urine Drug Testing

Peace MR, Tarnai LD.  Performance Evaluation of Three On-Site Adulterant Detection Devices which Qualitatively Assess the Integrity of Urine Specimens Collected for Drugs-of-Abuse Testing.  J. Anal. Toxicol. 2002 Oct;26: 464-470

Peace MR, Tarnai LD, Poklis JL, Poklis A. An Evaluation of the OnTrak Testcupâer  On-Site Drug Testing Device to Qualitatively Determine the Presence of Drugs of Abuse in Urine Specimens.  J. Anal. Toxicol. 2002 Oct;26: 500-503

Peace MR, Tarnai LD, Poklis A.  Performance Evaluation of 4 On-Site Drug Testing Devices for Detection of Drug of Abuse in Urine.  J. Anal. Toxicol. 2000 Oct;24: 589-594