By Dana L. Ladd MS, Ph.D., AHIP |  Health and Wellness Librarian | VCU Medical Center Health and Wellness Library, Tompkins-McCaw for the Health Sciences

During the coronavirus (COVID-19) public health crisis, information abounds from various sources including websites, social media, television, and even from friends and family members. A simple search on Google for “COVID-19” yields over 12,210,000,000 results. Facebook feeds are full of shared posts from friends with information about COVID-19. With all of this information, how can we know what is trustworthy health information and what is not?   

Before using any information to make decisions about your health it is important to critically evaluate the information you find or hear from others for reliability and trustworthiness. Use the following criteria to evaluate the information you find online or hear about from others: 

Evaluation of Information


Find out the source of the information provided. Anybody can post health information online and on social media but the person writing the information may not be an expert or qualified to provide reliable information. Find out who authored the health content of the page or information. Does the author have the appropriate knowledge of COVID-19? Search for the credentials of the author to help determine this. This information can usually be found under the “About Us” section of the webpage. A caution to note is that even if the author has the appropriate credentials he/she may be biased (see below).


Evaluate the information for possible bias. Look for the purpose of the information provided. Some websites exist to educate and inform based upon scientific research.  Other sites or sources of information may exist only to sell a product or to perpetuate a personal or political belief that may not be based on scientific facts. Fear may make people more susceptible to being taken advantage of. 


Ask yourself if the information you received is accurate. Determining accuracy may be difficult for those who are not medical professionals but there are steps you can take to verify accuracy. Compare information to known reliable sources of information. Compare the information to the medical and scientific research being published. When searching online for information about COVID-19 use sites that are librarian-vetted, reliable sources of information. A list of trustworthy websites about COVID-19 is found below. A librarian can help you find consumer information and medical research literature.


Check the site to see if the information is up to date. COVID-19 is a rapidly evolving situation with new medical research and information being disseminated every day so it is even more important to make sure you are receiving current information.

These are current, reliable, and trustworthy sites for information about COVID-19. 

The Centers for Disease Control

National Institutes of Heath

World Health Organization 

World Health Organization: Myth buster

For local (Virginia) information, about COVID-19

Virginia Commonwealth University Health (VCUH) website: https://w

The Virginia Department of Health: 

The Tompkins-McCaw Library for the Health Sciences has created an online guide of resources about COVID-19.

For more information about evaluating information visit: 

Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial

Virus Outbreak (mis)Information and How to Cope

When reading any information about COVID-19 or any health-related topic, first stop and think. Evaluate the information before acting on or sharing information with others. Before making decisions that will impact your health, be sure to talk to a qualified health care provider.

If you are still unsure about the reliability of the information or need to find information about COVID-19 or any health-related topic, always ask a librarian. The VCU Medical Center Health and Wellness Library staff can help you find reliable health information. We can direct you to quality, accurate, reliable consumer health websites and information. Call us at (804) 828-2432 or email The library, located on the ground floor of VCU Medical Center’s Gateway building is currently closed with plans to reopen June 10.

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